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Finnish Bushcraft

Discussion in 'Bushcraft Chatter' started by Martti, Apr 4, 2011.

  1. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Here are the specifications for two different type of purilaat as drawn by Wehrmacht from Finnish originals. They should be made out either of birch or spruce wood.4

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  2. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Everytime I think I have found every little piece of information or a clue to traditional Finnish bushcrafting, I will find something new and interesting. Similar to pemmican, Finnish hunters carried with them only flours and fat in addition to what they could catch during their travels. This was proven by Väinö Voionmaa in his 1947 book Hämäläinen eräkausi.

    Did you know that Finnish word for wilderness, erämaa, is constituted of words erä (part, portion) and maa (ground, land) meaning that each family had their own area to hunt and fish. Male members of the family carried their own food supplies when they left for hunt. Fat and flours stay good for some time and you can prepare a number of food from them in addition to foodstuff collected the nature: mämmi, talkkuna, porridge etc. The oldest mämmi receipe I have seen (from year 1700) requires a birch bark container which is again an item you can make yourself at the forest with ease.

    Interesting is that there were still few people living during the time of aluminium and iron containers who could make a birch container tight enough to retain and boil water. I am afraid my skills in building bark containers are not that good yet!
     
  3. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    If you're tired of towing an ahkio, try kelkka! This is one of those projects that I have kept dreaming for a long time. Here is a translated German description of how to make one.

    Fig. 80
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    Fig. 81
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    Fig. 82
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  4. RonW

    RonW Native

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    Awesome stuff Martti!
    Love the sledesigns!
     
  5. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Some of the things that caught my eye (and camera) during my recent visit to the Seurasaari Open-Air Museum.

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  6. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Some important days to follow if you happened to live in Finland during the old days; from Kustaa Vilkuna's book Vuotuinen ajantieto.

    - The latter part of January: The best time to fell down trees for bows, firewood etc.
    - The first part of March: The best time to fell down birches for skis.
    - 14 April: Summer starts. Mending of fur clothing and storing them for winter.
    - 1 May: Construction and repair of bird nests used for egg collecting.

    - 3 May: Beginning of black grouse season.
    - 29 June: The best time for removing birch bark from the trees.
    - 24 August: Beginning of the game bird season.
    - 29 September: The end of summer. Fur clothing season starts.

    - 14 October: The beginning of the winter
    - 21 October: Beginning of red squirrel season.
     
  7. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Finns are proud to present you the Leather™, Wood™, Steel™ and Linen™! The latest technological advances using the state of the art machinery and minds of the century have allowed us the develop methods to survive in the harsh enviroment of the taiga. Available in store near you soon. Using this technology might develop symptomes, including or not including, such as mosquito rash, cabin fever and fanatical intrest on Finnish culture.

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    #127 Martti, Jul 22, 2012
    Last edited: Jul 26, 2012
  8. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    [​IMG]Ahkio design developed by the Finnish Army during the 1920s.
     
  9. Paul72

    Paul72 Nomad

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    Great stuff here on this thread, thanks for posting it Martti and please keep it coming! :cool:
     
  10. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    This is a Finnish Defence Forces portable "stove" that I think was meant to be hanged from a goahti (as in the photograph). According to tests carried out in 1928, it could warm up a tent from outside temperature of -20C to +5C in around an hour. The recommended fuel is dry birch logs. The numbers: Diameter of the grill: 50 cm. Height of the grill (a): 8 cm. Length of the supporting chains: 33 cm. Diameter of the chain attachment circle: 40 cm. Length of the uppermost chains: 23 cm. Weight: 5½ kg.[​IMG][​IMG]
     
    #130 Martti, Aug 14, 2012
    Last edited: Aug 17, 2012
  11. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    [​IMG]A photograph of the stove shows some finer details of the construction.
     
  12. RonW

    RonW Native

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    Cool stuff, indeed!
    Thanks again!
     
  13. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Some 10th century bowls from Veliky Novgorod dig site in Russia. The area was mostly inhabited by Finnic people and there are many birch-bark and wooden items that I would say were made by Finnic people living in the city. Illustrations are courtesy of book "Wooden Artefacts from Medieval Novgorod" by B.A. Kolchin.

    [​IMG]
     
  14. Mastino

    Mastino Settler

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    Wait a second... isn't this Chuck Norris in disguise?

    Thank you for this very informative and interesting post!
     
  15. Gcckoka

    Gcckoka Settler

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    My cousin is going in Finland for one week , can you guys tell what can I tell him to bring to me ? (Something bushcrafty) maybe clothing , cookware , maybe even a knife if transporting it on a plane won't be a problem and etc.
     
  16. Janne

    Janne M.A.B (Mad About Bushcraft)

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    A bottle of Koskenkorva. Maybe a Marttiini knife?
     
  17. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Where to? Something easy to transport that comes to my mind:

    - Kuksa made out of a birch burl.
    - Puukko either with curly birch or bark handle or perhaps an antique axe head, if you like tools.
    - Finnish Defence Forces' surplus clothing, if he is around larger cities.
     
  18. Gcckoka

    Gcckoka Settler

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    Will there be any problems transporting a knife in an airplane ?
     
  19. Martti

    Martti Full Member

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    Airliners such as Finnair have no problem with knives if they are transported in checked baggage in the cargo hold.
     
  20. Janne

    Janne M.A.B (Mad About Bushcraft)

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    Super ideas!

    A kasa of birch AND a bottle of Kosken to pour inside!
     

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